Math 18.02 Concourse  Calendar of topics and HW assignments -- Fall 2018
The topics and assignments will change as the course proceeds!! Check back frequently. Last updated December 13, 2018 12:53 PM

 Seq. Date Topics Assignments & References [Solutions] L1 Wed, Sept 5 Course overview. Coordinates in R2 and R3. Vectors in R2 and R3 and vector algebra; magnitude of a vector, unit vectors, difference vector, distance. Vector equation of a line and parametric equations of a line in R2 and R3. Read sections 12.1 and 12.2 in the Edwards & Penney text. Problem Set #1 (due Wed, Sept 12) References: Notes on dot products and cross products Lecture #1 Notes (the sequence is all that matters) Lecture #2 Notes R1 Thurs, Sept 6 Parameterization of a line. Coordinate-free vector proofs. L2 Mon, Sept 10 Dot product of two vectors; angle between vectors; Law of Cosines; orthogonality; scalar and vector projections using the dot product. Equations for lines and planes. Cross product of two vectors in R3. R2 Tues, Sept 11 Planes and linear equations; cross product of two vectors in R3, continued. Applications to areas, volumes; triple scalar product. Problem Set #2 (due Wed, Sept 19) Read sections 12.3 and 12.4 and the Matrices and Linear Algebra Notes. D. Determinants (4 pages) Exercises for Vectors and Matrices (1A to 1K, 12 pages) Supplement on Solving Systems of Linear Equations via Row Reduction L3 Wed, Sept 12 Algebra and geometry of lines and planes. Matrix methods and systems of linear equations, row reduction and parameterization of lines and planes. R3 Thurs, Sept 13 Matrix multiplication and inverse matrices. Lecture #3 Note L4 Mon, Sept 17 Matrix methods, continued. Parameterized curves in R2 and R3 (vector-valued functions); velocity vectors. [Java applet that may help you to understand parameterized curves: Wheel (choose the "Trace" option) and click on the double arrows to activate.] Problem Set #3 (due Wed, Sept 26) References: Parameterized Curves (3 pages) Read sections 10.4 (Parametric Curves), 12.5 (Curves and Motions in Space), 12.6 (Curvature and Acceleration), and appropriate sections from the Supplementary Notes (1F, 1G, 1H, 1J). R4 Tues, Sept 18 Problem set questions. Lecture #4 Notes L5 Wed, Sept 19 Parameterized curves in R2 and R3 (vector-valued functions); velocity vectors; unit tangent vector, acceleration vector; arclength, acceleration vector, curvature. Calculus of vector-valued functions. Vector-valued functions and applications in physics. Parameterized surfaces vs. surfaces described by equations; cylinders, spheres, hyperboloids, ellipsoids, etc. Lecture #5 Notes Mathlet (Java applet) for Curves and Surfaces R5 Thurs, Sept 20 Limits and continuity of functions of several variables. Introduction to partial derivatives. Read section 12.7 (Quadric Surfaces) Read sections 13.1-13.2 (Functions of Several Variables); 13.3 (Limits and Continuity); 13.4 (Partial Derivatives); 13.6 (Increments and Linear Approximation); Supplementary Notes TA (Tangent Approximation). Problem Set #4 (due Fri, Oct 5) L6 Mon, Sept 24 Functions of several variables and their level sets. Graphs and contours (level sets) of a function. Rate of change of a function of several variables - partial derivatives. Tangent plane to the graph of a function of two variables, linear approximation, differentials. [Lecture #6 Notes] R6 Tues, Sept 25 Exam topics: Vectors and vector algebra, dot product, cross product, applications to working with lines and planes, areas, volumes, angles, etc.; parameterized curves, velocity vectors, speed, arclength, unit tangent and normal vectors; partial derivatives, linear approximation, differentials, and directional derivative. You should also be familiar with methods for solving systems of linear equations (such as when finding the intersection of lines or planes) and related matrix ideas. Practice Questions for Exam #1     Solutions (use same username/password as solutions) L7 Wed, Sept 26 Rate of change of a function along a parameterized path (basic Chain Rule). Gradients; using the gradient to find a normal vector to a curve or surface and equations for tangent lines to curves and tangent planes to surfaces. R7 Thurs, Sept 27 Implicit differentiation - a new perspective. Supplement on the Chain Rule and Implicit Differentiation. Applications in economics. Higher order derivatives, equality of mixed partials; interpretation of 2nd derivatives with contour diagrams. Notes on the gradients, Chain Rule, implicit differentiation, and higher order derivatives Read sections 13.7 (Chain Rule and Implicit Differentiation), 13.8 (Directional Derivatives and the Gradient); the Supplement on the Chain Rule and Implicit Differentiation; and Supplementary Notes TA (Tangent Approximation), 13.10 (Critical Points of Functions of Two Variables and the Second Derivative Test); and Supplementary Notes LS (Least Squares Interpolation). Problem Set #5 (due Fri, Oct 12) L8 Mon, Oct 1 Directional derivatives. General Chain Rule. R8 Tues, Oct 2 Exam #1     Solutions L9 Wed, Oct 3 Quadratic approximation, extrema of functions, stationary points and the 2nd Derivative test; local maxima, local minima, and saddle points. Unconstrained optimization. Lecture #7 Notes Lecture Notes on Extrema of Functions of Several Variables R9 Thurs, Oct 4 Unconstrained optimization; Method of Least Squares and data fitting. L10 Wed, Oct 10 Constrained optimization and the Method of Lagrange Multipliers. Extrema in a bounded region; [Java tool for Lagrange Multipliers] Lecture #8 Notes Read sections 13.5 (Multivariable Optimization Problems), 13.9 (Lagrange Multipliers and Constrained Optimization). Problem Set #6 (due Thurs, Oct 18) You may use any method unless a particular method is specified. R10 Thurs, Oct 11 Economics applications and the meaning of the Lagrange Multiplier. Partial derivatives with internal constraints (non-independent variables). L11 Mon, Oct 15 Optimization with multiple constraints. Last words on optimization (bounded regions, multiple constraints). Partial derivatives with internal constraints (using differentials). Lecture #9 Notes Exam #2 will cover partial derivatives, linear approximation, differentials, gradient vector, normal vectors to curves and surfaces, directional derivative, the Chain Rule, implicit differentiation, stationary points, second derivative test, optimization, the Method of Lagrange Multipliers, and (possibly) derivatives involving non-independent variables. R11 Tues, Oct 16 Questions and answers L12 Wed, Oct 17 Introduction to integration of a function f (x, y) over a region in R2; applications to volume, mass, population, average value of a function; centroid (geometric center) of a region. Read sections: SN-N. Non-independent Variables (8 pages) 14.1 (Double Integrals) 14.2 (Double Integrals Over More General Regions) 14.3 (Area and Volume by Double Integration) 14.4 (Double Integrals in Polar Coordinates) 14.5 (Applications of Double Integrals) SN-I. Limits in Iterated Integrals (4 pages) Problem Set #7 (due Thurs, Nov 1) R12 Thurs, Oct 18 L13 Mon, Oct 22 Applications of double integrals calculated by iterated single integrals (successive slicing) in Cartesian coordinates and polar coordinates. Weighted averages and center of mass; other applications and examples. R13 Tues, Oct 23 Exam #2     Solutions L14 Wed, Oct 24 Calculation of integrals over regions R2 via iterated single integrals (successive slicing) in Cartesian coordinates. The Fubini Theorem; interchanging the order of integration in an iterated double integral. Calculation of integrals over regions R2 using polar coordinates. R14 Thurs, Oct 25 Change of variables in double integrals. Introduction to integration of a function f (x, y, z) over a region in R3 - triple integrals to calculate mass, volume, average value, centroid, and more in R3 using Cartesian coordinates. Lecture #10 Notes Read sections: 14.6 (Triple Integrals) 14.7 (Integration in Cylindrical and Spherical Coordinates) 14.8 (Surface Area) 14.9 (Change of Variables in Multiple Integrals) SN-I. Limits in Iterated Integrals SN-CV. Changing Variables in Multiple Integrals SN-G. Gravitational Attraction Problem Set #8 (due Thurs, Nov 8) L15 Mon, Oct 29 Weighted averages and center of mass; other applications and examples. Cylindrical coordinates and spherical coordinates in triple integrals. Moment of inertia. Lecture #10 Notes R15 Tues, Oct 30 Problem set questions Here's a website that has a good java-based tool for showing vector fields and flows: http://math.rice.edu/~dfield/dfpp.html. The current version requires you to download a Java executable file to your own computer and to run it locally on your own machine. You can customize various options. You can also print the graphs. [How Java is called varies on computer and operating system, so we may have to provide some additional documentation.] L16 Wed, Oct 31 Surface area. General change of variables in multiple integrals, Jacobian determinants. Parameterized surfaces - planes, spheres, cylinders, graphs. Little (displacement) vectors and little patches determined by varying parameters independently; scalar and vector elements of surface area. Lecture #11 Notes Read sections: 14.8 (Surface Area) 15.1 (Vector Fields, Divergence and Curl) Notes V1 (Plane Vector Fields) Notes V8 (Vector Fields in Space) 15.2 (Line Integrals) Notes V11 (Line Integrals in Space) 15.3 (Fundamental Theorem and Independence of Path) Notes V2 (Gradient Fields and Exact Differentials) Notes V12 (Gradient Fields in Space) 15.4 (Green's Theorem) Problem Set #9 (due Tues, Nov 20) R16 Thurs, Nov 1 L17 Mon, Nov 5 More on vector fields in R2 and R3, examples of vector fields from physics. R17 Tues, Nov 6 L18 Wed, Nov 7 Integration along a parameterized path. Introduction to vector fields in R2 and R3, work done by a variable force along a parameterized path. Lecture #11 Notes R18 Thurs, Nov 8 R19 Tues, Nov 13 Calculation of line integrals. Independence of path and conservative (gradient) vector fields. Fundamental Theorem of Line Integrals and potential functions. Algebraic definitions of the divergence and curl of a vector field. Supplement on conservative vector fields and the Fundamental Theorem of Line Integrals L19 Wed, Nov 14 Div, Grad, Curl; Green's Theorem; equivalents to a vector field being conservative. Lecture #12 Notes R20 Thurs, Nov 15 Exam #3 - Topics include: Integration over two- and three-dimensional regions; double and triple integrals in Cartesian, cylindrical, and spherical coordinates; Fubini Theorem and interchanging order of integration; applications of integration – areas, volumes, mass, averaging, weighted averages, centroids and center of mass, moment of inertia, general change of variables for double and triple integrals, Jacobian determinants.   Solutions L20 Mon, Nov 19 Examples of Green's Theorem; normal form of Green's Theorem. Read sections: Notes V3 (Two-dimensional Flux) Notes V4 (Green's Theorem in Normal Form) 14.8 (Surface Area) Notes V7 (Laplace's Equation and Harmonic Functions) 15.5 (Surface Integrals) Notes V9 (Surface Integrals) RW-Supplement on surface integrals 15.6 (The Divergence Theorem) Notes V10 (The Divergence Theorem) Problem Set #10 (due Thurs, Nov 29) R21 Tues, Nov 20 Integration on surfaces; surface area, average value, flux of a vector field through a surface. Lecture #13 Notes L21 Wed, Nov 21 Examples of calculation of surface area and flux for graphs, cylinders, spheres; surface integrals for any parameterized surface. Supplement on surface integrals Lecture #13 Notes L22 Mon, Nov 26 The Divergence Theorem and examples. Geometric (coordinate-free) definition of the divergence of a vector field. Lecture #14 Notes Read sections: 15.6 (The Divergence Theorem) Notes V10 (The Divergence Theorem) RW-Orthogonal Curvilinear Coordinates - Div, grad, curl, and Laplacian 15.7 (Stokes' Theorem) Notes V13 (Stokes' Theorem) Notes V14 (Some Topological Questions) Notes V15 (Relations to Physics) Problem Set #11 (due Fri, Dec 7) R22 Tues, Nov 27 L23 Wed, Nov 28 Geometric (coordinate-free) definition of the divergence of a vector field; proof of the Divergence Theorem from the geometric definition of divergence. Lecture #14 Notes R23 Thurs, Nov 29 L24 Mon, Dec 3 Stokes' Theorem and examples. Proof of Green's Theorem as a special case of Stokes' Theorem; proof that curl F = 0 implies F is conservative (given appropriate conditions). Lecture #14 Notes R24 Tues, Dec 4 Practice Questions for Exam #4     Solutions L25 Wed, Dec 5 Geometric (coordinate-free) definition of the curl of a vector field. Proof of Stokes' Theorem from the geometric definition of curl. Examples. R25 Thurs, Dec 6 Exam #4     Solutions Exam Topics: Integration of functions over curves and surfaces (line and surface integrals) with applications to mass, averaging, centroids, flux, etc.; flux integrals in 2- and 3-dimensions; conservative vector fields and potential functions; Fundamental Theorem of Line Integrals, Green’s Theorem, Divergence Theorem, Stokes' Theorem. L26 Mon, Dec 10 Some topological matters; Maxwell's Equations; differential forms and other perspectives. Practice Exam A (from mainstream 18.02)     Solutions Practice Exam B (from mainstream 18.02)     Solutions Mega-List of Math 18.02 techniques Math 18.02 Useful Facts R26 Tues, Dec 11 Gradient, divergence, curl in other (orthogonal) coordinates RW-Orthogonal Curvilinear Coordinates - Div, grad, curl, and Laplacian L27 Wed, Dec 12 Last details and questions Thurs, Dec 20 FINAL EXAM, 9:00am to noon in 16-160

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